Pericardial tamponade

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  • Pericardial tamponade
Jarda, 62 years old, goes hunting with a group of hunters. While shooting at a hare with a shotgun, Jarda suddenly falls to the ground. One of the nearest hunters runs to him and can see that Jarda is holding his left arm, which is bleeding. As Jarda takes off his coat, he screams in pain and there is blood spraying from his left arm. How would you behave in this situation?

At first you disinfect the wound with 52% alcohol, then stop the bleeding by applying pressure on the wound and finally you call an ambulance.

Wrong answer

Unprofessional disinfection of the wound is not recommended due to the risk of further damage and irritation of exposed structures. The priority is to stop life-threatening arterial bleeding!


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You stop the bleeding by applying pressure on the wound and call an ambulance.

Correct answer

Yes, the recommended first aid procedure to stop arterial bleeding is to apply pressure on the wound with either your fingers or a pressure bandage. In extreme cases an improvised tourniquet (e.g. a trouser belt) can be used as well.


Continue

As the first option to stop the bleeding you use an improvised tourniquet (e.g. a trouser belt) and call an ambulance.

Wrong answer

According to the current recommendations the first option to stop arterial bleeding is to apply pressure on the wound with your fingers or using a pressure bandage. A tourniquet is used only in extreme cases.


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