New algorithms of 2011

Česky

New interactive algorithms dealing with various issues encountered in acute medicine are presented below. These algorithms have been created during the year 2011 and our work was supported by the University Development Fund (FRVS grant No. 2216/F3D).


Myocardial infarction (heart attack) is one of the most common causes of death in our population. Many risk factors contributing to its genesis are spread widely such as smoking, obesity, junk food, lack of exercise, high blood pressure and diabetes mellitus. Our algorithm presents you the right way to diagnose and treat heart attack as so as the most frequent mistakes that can endanger the patient.

22. 12. 2011 | Lukáš Dadák, MD, PhD, Hana Harazim, MD, PhD, Martina Pleskačová

The presented algorithm provides additional procedure in the current recommendations of the European Resuscitation Council. This is a possible scenario of real emergency ambulance of any medical facility.

20. 12. 2011 | Prof. Petr Štourač, MD, PhD, Zuzana Hricišinová, Lenka Maková, Michal Malý

Sufficient analgesia in the practitioners´ ambulance is often underestimated part of daily routine in patients care. We can often see underdosing of analgesics due to fear of overdose or addiction to opioids.Therefore, we present here the algorithm with a possible therapeutic procedure for chronic hip pain.

 

23. 12. 2011 | Ivo Křikava, MD, PhD, Martina Kosinová, Elena Jurisová

The algorithm describes two painful situations in orofacial areas. The first focuses on an acute postoperative pain after third molar surgery and recommended strategy for analgesia. The second situation concentrates on a chronic pain in temporomandibular joint. Besides, the second one also offers a therapy in various stages of the disease. Students should learn (about) not only recommended principles of conservative treatment, but also possible subsequent surgical therepy.

22. 12. 2011 | Zdeněk Daněk, MD, PhD, Marta Gogolínová

First Aid in children already bring to the trespassing acute stress and severe emotional component. Come and try out at home possible realistic scenario to help the child, which is described in the current recommendations of the European Resuscitation Council.

20. 12. 2011 | Prof. Petr Štourač, MD, PhD, Zuzana Hricišinová, Lenka Maková, Michal Malý

The algorithm focuses on one of the themes of first aid (Basic Life Support, BLS) directly endangered the patient's life.  His comletation can be useful for both the layman and the person in acute situations already versed. The algorithm was created in accordance with the current guidelines of the European Resuscitation Council 2010.

20. 12. 2011 | Prof. Petr Štourač, MD, PhD, Zuzana Hricišinová, Lenka Maková, Michal Malý

Technical first aid is an indispensable part of pre-hospital care. How about you? Do you know, how to proceed in a traffic accident?

21. 12. 2011 | Lenka Šrahulková, MD, Anna Štejnarová

Rub frostbite with snow? Limber up to heat yourself? Check your knowledge in our algorithm of first aid in the mountains.

21. 12. 2011 | Lenka Šrahulková, MD, Markéta Brandová

Postdural puncture headache is one of the complications of central blockades.  It arises most often in connection with a previous puncture of  epidural or spinal space as a result of perforation of the dura mater and arachnoidea. A cerebrospinal fluid is leaking from the gap in dura mater. It leads to a drop  of pressure of cerebrospinal fluid and it can cause headaches. The following algorithm will try to bring the diagnosis and the treatment of this condition.

2. 5. 2012 | Prof. Petr Štourač, MD, PhD, Ľubomíra Ventrčová-Longauerová, Jiří Táborský

Everyone can be involved in a serious car accident. Our algorithm offers you sequence of actions by serious head injury and its solution using invasive approaches.

Other version of this algorithm: Invasive venous catheterization of critical patient - 2019, Traumatic life-threatening hemmorhage
20. 12. 2011 | Peter Bakalík, MD, Prof. Petr Štourač, MD, PhD, Miloš Hons, Zdeňek Chvátal, Martin Chovanec, Eva Uvízlová, Martin Vašíček

Severe allergic reaction is life-threatening. It may be observed after insect bite, after eating specific food or using some drugs. Most important is early diagnosis and immediate treatment. This algorithm presents possibility of diagnosis and treatment of this severe state.

22. 12. 2011 | Roman Štoudek, MD, Markéta Brandová

Syncope may be defined as a sign of short term loss of consciousness and/or postural muscle tone. It may be observed in patients with no cardiovascular diseases of organic origin but it can also be a sign of other serious diseases. Diagnosis of syncope is a tricky one, a lot of it depends on thorough case history taking and physical examination. According to research, up to 25-35% of syncope cases can be diagnosed from case history, or it may at least indicate relevant clinical testing.

23. 12. 2011 | Ivana Kvapilíková, MD, Zuzana Olexová

The algorithm describes a real situation at the dentist - the extraction of the wisdom teeth combined with a pre-operative complication: a syncope complication. Each step of such a situation is outlined to comprehend the whole complexity of the syncope. Sub-questions then one by one describe the evolving state of the patient and offer solutions to particular steps. The correct answer to each of the questions will enable every student to finish the algorithm successfully.

22. 12. 2011 | Zdeněk Daněk, MD, PhD, Eva Bosáková

The algorithm describes a real situation of a toxic reaction to local anesthetic at the dentist. It generally shows the development from relative overdose to absolute overdose of local anestehticum. The algorithm should thus also contribute to adoptation of important procedures when solving such an acute state.

22. 12. 2011 | Zdeněk Daněk, MD, PhD, Andrea Hajná

Local anaesthetics are widely used by anaesthesiologists, surgeons or general practitioners. There is a risk of severe toxic reactions, which may lead to fatal sequels. This algorithm presents possibilities of minimalisation of the risk and offers the guideline by treatment of severe cardiovascular complication according to current opinions.

22. 12. 2011 | Ivo Křikava, MD, PhD, Ľubomíra Ventrčová-Longauerová, Kristýna Melichárková, Tereza Šafaříková, Alexandra Lamprechtová

The basic rules of water rescue...or How to help drowning person without drowning yourself.

Other version of this algorithm: Water rescue II, Water Rescue Service III
21. 12. 2011 | Lenka Šrahulková, MD, Andrej Černý

The basic rules of water rescue...or How to help drowning person without drowning yourself.

Other version of this algorithm: Water rescue I, Water Rescue Service III
21. 12. 2011 | Lenka Šrahulková, MD, Andrej Černý