Physician, Clinic of Anaesthesiology and Resuscitation, Ostrava University Hospital, Ostrava, Czech Republic
Delirium is a common complication of critically ill patients, most often during the postoperative period in patients over 65 years. Many factors, such as infection, systemic inflammatory response, metabolic disruption, hypoxemia, insufficient analgetic therapy after surgery, are critical for the development of brain dysfunction - delirium. Its onset significantly worsens the therapy outcomes, mortality and morbidity of patients. With quick diagnostics and knowledge of risk factors, it can be partially prevented.
The Delirium virtual scenario clearly displays the main characteristics of delirium (hyperactive, hypoactive - silent and mixed delirium), its risk factors and options for prevention and subsequent treatment. The algorithm allows us to practice this issue from diagnostics to a multi-component therapy with frequent reorientation, sufficient analgesia, or correctly choosen analgosedation, hydratation, early rehabilitation and other measures. This allows us to take better care of our patients.