NEW virtual clinical cases AKUTNĚ.CZ 2018 - vol. 3

NEW virtual clinical cases AKUTNĚ.CZ 2018 - vol. 3

1. 9. 2018

We are glad to introduce you 4 brand new virtual interactive clinical cases, that were created during school year 2017/2018 at Faculty of Medicine of Masaryk University in Brno. 

Keywords: virtual patient, interactive scenarios, Problem Based Learning, PBL

Let´s explore new virtual clinical cases on acute medicine. There you can find all virtual cases created during this school year 2017/2018. 

Target Controlled Infusion Anaesthesia

Ivo Křikava, MD, Bönisch Vít, Křemečková Petra, Illustrations-Bakošová Mária
In certain situations the use of balanced anaesthesia is not indicated (e.g. malignant hyperthermia). If we cannot use balanced anaesthesia nor regional anaesthesia (due to the characteristics of the surgery) – a TIVA (Total Intravenous Anaesthesia) should come to our minds. And TCI (Target Controlled Infusion) is a way how TIVA can be performed. The advantages of TCI in comparison to manually performed TIVA are for example – easier titration of the anaesthetic agent, it leads to fewer interventions by anaesthesiologist and helps us anticipate the wake up time. The purpose of this algorithm is to introduce the TCI syringe pump, to demonstrate how it works, what the indications are, what parameters are needed and how the complications can be solved with the use of TCI.

Mushroom poisoning

Marek Kovář, MD, Jan Filip Sýkora, MD, Kateřina Bochníčková, Eva Urbánková
Mushroom picking is one of the favorite ways of spending free time in the Czech Republic. Unfortunately, since not everyone in this country happens to be a mycologist there are many cases of fungal poisoning every year. Poisoning can occur in a variety of ways, ranging from banal nausea requiring medical treatment through excessive vomiting and diarrhea to severe organ failure. This condition, without timely and intensive care might lead to patient's death. In this algorithm you will diagnose and then adequately treat poisoning with different types of fungi. We have three scenarios prepared, how many you go through depends on you.

Life-threatening Bleeding

Olga Smékalová, MD, Michaela Brázdilová, Jan Sapák
Life-threatening bleeding can be defined in many aspects: by extent of blood loss, by the presence of clinical and laboratory signs of tissue hypoperfusion or signs of organ functions failure. Sometimes bleeding is not associated with major blood loss, but it threatens the life by localization of bleeding to the regions important for maintaining vital functions (eg. brain). In our algorithm we pursue bleeding from esophageal varices, which are frequent complication of hepatic cirrhosis. The goal of this algorithm is to show you the right steps and resolution of the therapy of life-threatening bleeding.  

Pulmonary embolism II

Olga Smékalová, MD, Kateřina Matoušková, MD, Klára Fabiánková, Dalibor Zimek
Pulmonary embolism is one of the most frequent life threatening diseases and according to statistics it is the third most common cause of cardiovascular mortality (after myocardial infarction and stroke). The goal of this algorithm is to show that pulmonary embolism is not a rare disease and that one should keep it in mind during a diagnostic process. This algorithm also points out the fact that pulmonary embolism occurs moreover in younger population because of very widespread risk factors which are for example smoking, a use of oral contraceptive pills or long flights by airplane.

  • Peripartal Life-threatening Bleeding
    Peripartal Life-threatening Bleeding
  • Acute coronary syndrome - 2018
    Acute coronary syndrome - 2018
  • Brain death and organ transplantation
    Brain death and organ transplantation
  • Anaesthesia management in myotonia congenita Becker
    Anaesthesia management in myotonia congenita Becker
  • Neuromuscular blockade monitoring
    Neuromuscular blockade monitoring
  • Water Rescue service III
    Water Rescue service III
  • Severe respiratory infection in a child
    Severe respiratory infection in a child
  • Anaesthetic management of patient with diabetes mellitus
    Anaesthetic management of patient with diabetes mellitus
  • End-of-Life Decisioning from the nurse point of view
    End-of-Life Decisioning from the nurse point of view
  • Anaesthetic management in THA
    Anaesthetic management in THA
  • SIADH and hyponatremia
    SIADH and hyponatremia
  • Jehova Witnesses in a car accident
    Jehova Witnesses in a car accident
  • Mushroom Poisoning
    Mushroom Poisoning
  • Target Controlled Infusion Anaesthesia
    Target Controlled Infusion Anaesthesia
  • Pulmonary embolism II
    Pulmonary embolism II
  • Life-threatening bleeding
    Life-threatening bleeding


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