Pulmonary embolism

Pulmonary embolism is a life-threatening condition in which the main artery of the lung or one of its branches is blocked by a substance that is most commonly a blood clot. The blood clot is formed mainly in the deep veins of the legs or pelvis. Embolization is then the process of breaking off the thrombus from its origin and migrating to the lung. There are many patients affected by this condition and often it is not recognised properly. It is very important to be able to diagnose this condition and to cure it.

pulmonary embolism
polycythemia vera
anticoagulation therapy
Published at: 13.9.2014


Lenka Šmardová, MD
Head physician, Internal Clinic of Haematoncology, University Hospital Brno, Medical Faculty of Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic

Pulmonary embolism is one of the most common cardiovascular disease, which is usually the result of a sudden thromboembolic obstruction of the pulmonary vasculature. Its incidence in the Czech Republic is expected about 10,000 per year and untreated shows significant mortality (around 30%).
This algorithm of diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary embolism is a practical guide for physicians especially of internal medicine. A part of this case report is also the issue of causal causes of pulmonary embolism, highlighting the need for laboratory testing and clinical risk factors for this disease.


CHROBÁK, Ladislav. Propedeutika vnitřního lékařství: nové, zcela přepracované vydání doplněné testy. 2. vyd. Praha: Grada, 2007. ISBN 978-80-247-1309-0

ROKYTA, Richard, Martin HUTYRA a Pavel JANSA. 2014 ESC Guidelines on the diagnosis and management of acute pulmonary embolism. Summary document prepared by the Czech Society of Cardiology. Cor et Vasa [online]. 2015, 57(4), e275-e296 [cit. 2018-04-03]. DOI:10.1016/j.crvasa.2015.05.009. ISSN 00108650

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