Newborn resuscitation - 2021


Newborn resuscitation is a complication occurring approximately in 1% of deliveries. Proper initial assessment and stabilization of the newborn play a crucial role in following postnatal transition and in further clinical outcome. For this reason, we present to you the following algorithm to practice the entire process, including necessary equipment check, transition and newborn resuscitation in accordance with the European Resuscitation Council Guidelines 2021: New-born resuscitation and support of transition of infants at birth.

Published at: 1.6.2023


Pavel Rozsíval, MD
Deputy Chief of Department, Department of Pediatrics and Neonatology, Orlickoustecká Hospital, Ústí na Orlicí, Czech Republic

The newborn resuscitation algorithm provides you with the opportunity to walk through a case involving a neonate who requires a high level of support after birth. Fortunately, such cases are rare, but that is precisely why we need to be prepared for these situations and familiarize ourselves with the essential aspects of newborn care and the differences from care for an older child. All these aspects are well emphasized in this case study and can help you, in addition to practical training, in solidifying essential skills and their sequence in newborn resuscitation after birth.


MADAR J., ROEHR C. C., AINSWORTH S., et al. European Resuscitation Council Guidelines 2021: Newborn resuscitation and support of transition of infants at birth. Resuscitation [online]. Elsevie, 2021, March 24, 2021 [cit. 2022-03-15]. Doi:

Learning targets

Student is familiar with the steps of physiological newborn resuscitation guidelines, understands the importance of thorough preparatory measures and is well oriented in the topic of post-resuscitation care.

Key points

- specific preparatory measures, equipment check and personnel skills and knowledge
- effective airway opening manoeuvres and ventilation of the newborn
- newborn resuscitation principles (technique, ratio, frequency, compressions, depth)

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