Pulmonary oedema

Pulmonary oedema is fluid accumulation in the lungs. It leads to impaired gas exchange and may cause respiratory failure. It is due to either failure of the heart to remove fluid from the lung circulation or a direct injury to the lung parenchyma. Treatment depends on the cause, but focuses on maximizing respiratory function and removing the cause. Terapy must be fast and intensive. This algorithm takes us through the situation from ensuring the patient in prehospital care until professional treatment and therapy in the hospital.

pulmonary oedema
acute heart failure
dilated cardiomyopathy
Published at: 26.8.2014


Prof. Jindřich Špinar, MD, PhD
Head of Internal Cardiology Dpt., University Hospital Brno, Medical Faculty of Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic

Pulmonary oedema is a clinical entity, which can have different causes. Algorithm of diagnostic and treatment efforts must be based on the best and most quickly diagnose with following targeted treatment. The presented algorithm is dedicated to prehospital and hospital care and is instructive for students and young doctors. The case report is simple, concise and describes the basic procedures for nonischemic etiology of pulmonary edema.


SKALICKÁ, Hana a Jan BĚLOHLÁVEK. Nekardiální plicní edém, syndrom akutní dechové tísně. Časopis lékařů českých. 2015, 154(6), 273-279. ISSN 0008-7335. Dostupné také z: http://www.prolekare.cz/casopis-lekaru-ceskych-clanek/nekardialni-plicni-edem-syndrom-akutni-dechove-tisne-57039

ŠEDÝ, Jiří. Neurogenní plicní edém. Časopis lékařů českých. 2011, 150(3), 147-155. ISSN 0008-7335. Dostupné také z: http://www.prolekare.cz/casopis-lekaru-ceskych-clanek?id=34661

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